Part Two. Imaginative Spaces background research.

The weather outside is only suitable for ducks with waterproof thermal underwear, so I have spent the morning with some research which will give me a good grounding with Part Two. On reading the tutorial section in full again, it appears as the this will be dedicated to depth of field. My camera is set to Aperture Priority and I most certainly will not be using Auto ISO. Please watch this space as my work will include people, one of my points I have picked up from previous projects. The start to Part Two is a excise in history and has been fascinating. This will be my first post on research for this Part of the course.

The First Pinhole Photographs

Sir David Brewster, a Scottish scientist, was one of the first to make pinhole photographs, in the 1850s. He also coined the very word “pinhole”, or “pin-hole” with a hyphen, which he used in his book The Stereoscope, published in 1856. Joseph Petzval used the term “natural camera” in 1859, whereas Dehors and Deslandres, in the late 1880s, proposed the term “stenopaic photography”. In French today “sténopé” is used for the English “pinhole”. In Italian a pinhole camera is called “una fotocamera con foro stenopeico”. In German “Lochkamera” and “Camera obscura” are used. The Scandinavian languages tend to use the English “pinhole” as a model – “hullkamera”/”holkamera”/”hålkamera”, though “camera obscura” is also found, and is the term preferred by myself in Norwegian.”

frisius-htm

Image and text courtesy of http://photo.net/pinhole/frisius.htm accessed 11/10/2016.

Is this lady the first female photographer?

Anna Atkins 1799-1871. She self-published her “photograms” in  Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions in October 1843.

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Image courtesy of https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anna_Atkins accessed 11/10/2016.

“Compared to other photographic printing processes, cyanotype is easy and inexpensive. No darkroom is needed, instead it uses the power of the sun and iron salt solutions rather than the silver salt solution of black and white photography. Ferric ammonium citrate and potassium ferricyanide are combined, and exposure to UV light creates ferric ferrocyanide, also known as Prussian Blue (named for the color of the Prussian military uniforms.) The cyanotype process was also used to create copies of technical and architectural plans, and these copies were called blueprints; even though the cyanotype process is no longer used, any construction document or detailed plan is still referred to as a blueprint.”

Text courtesy of http://blog.phillipscollection.org/2012/05/04/what-is-a-cyanotype/ accessed 11/10/2016.

“Laszlo Moholy-Nagy. American, born Hungary, 1895-1946. Laszlo Moholy-Nagy possessed one of the liveliest and most versatile minds to come out of the revolution in artistic thinking that occurred in Europe after the First World War. In addition to being a painter, designer, and photographer, Moholy was perhaps the most persuasive and effective theoretician of the concept of art education that grew out of the Bauhaus, the experimental design school that flowered briefly in Germany during the days of the Weimar Republic.”

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Image by Maholy-Nagy
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The Bauhaus (modernised)

“The State Bauhaus was founded by Walter Gropius as a school of arts in Weimar in 1919. As the Bauhaus was a combination of crafts and arts, its nature and concept was regarded as something completely new back then. Today, the historical Bauhaus is the most influential educational establishment in the fields of architecture, art and design. The Bauhaus existed from 1919 to 1933 and today the world considers it to be the home of the avant-guard of classical modern style in all fields of liberal and applied arts. The resonance of the Bauhaus can still be felt today, essentially characterizing the image of German design abroad.”

Images and text courtesy of http://www.magazine.bauhaus-movement.com accessed 11/10/2016.

…to be continued.

 

 

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