I have spent some considerable time reading books and looking at sites online to get a further insight into the Aperture and its’ effect. Please see my reference list.
I have shot in Aperture mode before, but never for such a protracted period and I have found this part hard, as I like to be in full control. Every photo taken (these days) needs an aperture and it is partially due to this how the story of the image is told. Using the wrong aperture for example, can leave the eyes in a portrait looking weird with only one eye in focus when both may be better depicted as sharp. Using a small aperture will also give need for the camera to be secured in some way, due to the corresponding shutter speed that is needed.
Certain photographers such as Mona Kuhn use wide parterres as their theme , whereas Ansell Adams preferred to use small apertures. Different photographers have different opinions and some use a variation of apertures. It all depends what they want to portray, their style, their politics and their artistic license.
Photography is bound up in a collection of numbers, which in essence are an equation, it is how you express those numbers to get the answer you want. The more successful photographers get the equation right, whilst at the same telling telling a great story and creating a sense of the spectator wanting to look and explore the image, rather than skimming over it.
Ansel Adams used small apertures to great effect and belonged to the Group f/64 “The Group will show no work at any time that does not conform to its standards of pure photography. Pure photography is defined as possessing no qualities of technique, composition or idea, derivative of any other art form.” quote and photo taken from http://photographyhistory.blogspot.co.uk/2012/04/group-f64-manifesto-1932.html.
Fay Godwin’s work is also interesting as she is trying to educate through her work. In the image below which is typical of her work a small aperture has been chosen to ensure the whole image can be seen. Her work is moody, heartfelt and takes time to view.
Gianluca Cosci’s work is still trying to educate and gain needs time too view each image but this is almost an opposite to Fay Godwin’s work as he uses the shallowest depth of filed available as in the image below.
Examples of what is out there, to assist with the effects of different lenses and the effect of depth of field.
Personal archive photo taken on 23rd April 2012.
Shallow depth of field used in this image as I wanted to lose the background completely (it was dark) but I also wanted to create a feeling of general softness. The light was good coming in through the window. The arm did not really holding great interest other than leading to the had, so I was happy for this tone blurred. My focus point was not the baby’s hand but the father’s index finger as this would add a small amount of contrast to the image between the rougher knuckles of the adult compared to the delicate skin of the baby. Now having re-assessed the image, a smaller aperture (higher f number may be f5) would have added greater clarity whilst still retaining the feeling of softness. It would have required a lower shutter speed and or higher ISO to maintain the sharpness. I do like this image though, as it is.
When completing my research I have compiled a separate reference list which needs to be read independently.